The Australian prisons represent a source of various illnesses where the narcotics and alcoholism are reign on a level with chronic illnesses. The data of the first national research on studying of a state of health condemned, held by the Australian institute on public health services and social security proves this fact.
So, 81 % of prison contingent are greedy smokers. At the same time for last 12 months of 71 % condemned has been convicted of the illegal use of drugs. Moreover, every third prisoner is ill with hepatitis C, and every fifth –is hepatitis B. Quarter of “lodgers” of penitentiary institutions suffer from such chronic illnesses, as asthma, arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes or a cancer.
Mental frustration is widespread as well. About 37 % of prisoners admitted that they had passed courses of treatment from depression and schizophrenia, and 18 % told that, they still accept medical products and are on the account of psychiatrists.
Research also showed that the condemned representatives of indigenous population have steadier mentality unlike “white” cellmates. So, only 26 % of convicts-natives suffer from mental frustration, and this indicator among white skinned prisoners is equal 41 %. However, thus natives are more vulnerable before infectious diseases.
As the author of research Ingrid Johnston declared, “Health of prisoners unlike respectable citizens is much weaker”. “Annually local prisons leave an order 50 thousand prisoners, whose health is undermined long-term sentence, – underlined Johnston. –patients filling a society, create thus vital problem”. “Health of the condemned has huge value for all Australian society, – added the researcher. – therefore, I believe that it is necessary to enter regular planned checks of a physical and mental condition of prisoners with the subsequent obligatory treatment and preventive maintenance that citizens are released not only with a clear conscience, but a sound health”.