"AZADLIQDAN MƏHRUMETMƏ YERLƏRİNİN MÜŞAHİDƏSİ" İCTİMAİ BİRLİYİ
"AZADLIQDAN MƏHRUMETMƏ YERLƏRİNİN MÜŞAHİDƏSİ" İCTİMAİ BİRLİYİ

Women and children behind bars

According to the research of International Center for Prison Studies, there were more than 500 thousand women in the prison or 5 % from total number of prisoners in 2006 in the world. From them 184, 4 thousand were in prison in the USA, 71, 3 thousand in China. Most of all women-prisoners are registered in prisons of Hong Kong (22 %), Myanma (18 %), Thailand (17 %), Kuwait (15 %), Vietnam and Qatar (on 12 %). According to FSEP, there were 69, 4 thousand women, or 10, 5 % from total number of condemned in February, 1st, 2010 in the Russian prisons. There was not any prisoner in penitentiary institutions of Faeroes, San Marino, Gibraltar, Liechtenstein, Nauru and Tuvalu (all was investigated 187 countries and territories) in 2006. In a number of the countries of South East Asia experts explain a considerable quantity of the women deprived of freedom their active involving in narcotic business, prostitution and other spheres to “the criminal tourist’s industry”, and for Gulf States — a great number of illegal migrants.

The summary international statistics on children of prisoners being in prisons is not present. Rules of the detaining condemned mothers of juvenile children essentially differ on the countries. So, 7 mother and the child branches operate in England and the Wales at 14 female prisons. Babies stay till 9 months, in others — till 18 months in some of them. Children stay till 9 months in prisons of the closed type of the Netherlands, in the closed prisons of Germany — till 3 years, in opened — till 6 years. Mother can keep the newborn baby around till 3 years in Hong Kong, in Australia, depending on institution, maximum till 5 years.

283 children were born in Great Britain from 2005 till 2008. In the middle of 2009 more than 150 children who are with mothers in places of imprisonment (with 2779 condemned women) were calculated in Italy. In Afghanistan in 2008 the number of children living together with mothers in prisons, was estimated 226. In 2006 in Cambodia was such 37 children, in the republic of South Africa — 123.
In Russia not only mums, but also children are in prison: 69, 4 thousand women are detained in institutions of criminally-executive system of Russia. 13 children’s homes are available under the Russian female colonies. 851 child lives in children’s homes under female zones.

Source: http://www.kommersant.ru

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